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UCAR at a Glance

UCAR at 40
Who We Are
One Planet, One Atmosphere
Between Sun and Earth
Measuring and Modeling
When Weather Matters Most
Spreading the Word
Knowledge for All
Looking toward the Future
•UCAR at a Glance
List of acronyms

National Center for Atmospheric Research

Office of the NCAR Director
Director: Timothy Killeen

Advanced Study Program (ASP)
Director: William (Al) Cooper

Sponsors recent Ph.D. scientists and students in Ph.D. programs, bringing them to NCAR to expand their own studies and enrich the center's research. ASP also offers seminars, workshops, and colloquia on areas of particular importance to the atmospheric sciences.

Atmospheric Chemistry Division (ACD)
Director: Daniel McKenna

Focuses on global- and regional-scale air quality and problems related to the complex interactions among the oceans, ecosystems, and atmosphere. Researchers study the cycles of chemicals in the atmosphere, ways in which the composition of the air evolves, and the impact of human activities on atmospheric chemistry.

Atmospheric Technology Division (ATD)
Director: David Carlson

Provides observing facilities and instrumentation, including advanced radars, research aircraft, flux measurement systems, and integrated sounding systems, to researchers in the atmospheric and related sciences. These facilities allow investigators around the globe to gather raw data required for their research programs.

Climate and Global Dynamics Division (CGD)
Director: Maurice Blackmon

Contributes to better prediction of weather and climate through the development of models that promote understanding of the physical causes of past, present, and future climates and large-scale atmospheric and oceanic dynamics.

Environmental and Societal Impacts Group (ESIG)
Director: Robert Harriss

Improves understanding of the interactions among the atmosphere, environmental processes, and society and communicates information related to atmospheric science to a broad community of researchers and decision makers through research and workshops. ESIG staff assess how societies might better understand and cope with severe weather and climate shifts.

High Altitude Observatory (HAO)
Director: Michael Knölker

Carries out research into the solar interior, the influence of magnetic fields on the structure and dynamics of the solar atmosphere, and the links between the variable solar output and Earth's magnetosphere and outer atmosphere. Because some solar changes influence Earth's space environment and its climate, understanding solar variability is fundamental to understanding and potentially predicting the variability of Earth's atmosphere.

Mesoscale and Microscale Meteorology Division (MMM)
Director: Robert Gall

Investigates the basic physical processes that govern the weather: how the atmosphere and Earth receive incoming radiation, scatter and absorb it, and retransmit it; how weather and climate are affected by terrain and the characteristics of soil and vegetation; how severe storm systems develop and die; and how precipitation processes occur.

Research Applications Program (RAP)
Director: Brant Foote

Conducts directed research on disruptive phenomena such as thunderstorms, icing conditions, snowstorms, and turbulence and transfers relevant technology to such weather-sensitive activities as aviation, water resource management, agriculture, and surface and marine transportation.

Scientific Computing Division (SCD)
Director: Al Kellie

Provides supercomputing resources, scientific visualization tools and facilities, high-speed networks, and associated data-processing capabilities on a variety of computing machines. In close collaboration with other NCAR divisions, SCD assists in advancing atmospheric research across a broad front. SCD's data archives included over 250 terabytes as of mid-2000. Its computing center provides over 70 gigaflops of sustained supercomputing power for university and NCAR scientists.

UCAR Office of Programs

Office of the UOP Director
Director: Jack Fellows

Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate (COSMIC)
Director: Ying-Hwa (Bill) Kuo

Operates a collaborative science project between the United States and Taiwan to launch a constellation of microsatellites. Upon its deployment, COSMIC will collect atmospheric remote-sensing data for weather prediction, climate, and ionospheric and gravity research.

Cooperative Program for Operational Meteorology, Education and Training (COMET®)
Director: Timothy Spangler

Improves the weather services of the nation by involving research scientists and academic scholars in the continuing education of weather forecasters and the development of new forecast techniques. The COMET® Program offers courses, symposia, and workshops and produces interactive, computer-based learning systems.

GPS Science and Technology Program (GST)
Director: Randolph (Stick) Ware

Investigates ground- and satellite-based Global Positioning System (GPS) data as a tool for observing the atmosphere. The University NAVSTAR Consortium (UNAVCO) within GST provides technical support and equipment to investigators using GPS measurements to better understand such phenomena as earthquakes and volcanoes.

Information Infrastructure Technology and Applications (IITA)
Director: Richard Chinman

Increases coherence, as viewed by users, of data services and related efforts across all of UCAR and does so with methods that can be applied outside the organization, especially at universities engaged in producing and managing data. The IITA is a joint UCAR/NCAR/UOP effort.

Joint Office for Science Support (JOSS)
Director: Karyn Sawyer

Provides scientific, technical, and administrative support services to the research community for planning, organizing, and implementing research programs and associated field projects worldwide. Most JOSS services and products fall in three broad categories: (1) community support, including planning advice, meeting management, program office administration, publications, and visitor programs; (2) field program support, including program planning and design, site surveys, and field operation logistics and management; and (3) data management, including system design and the collection, quality control, formatting, and customized delivery of scientific project data.

Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE) Program Center
Director: Mary Marlino

This community-governed facility is designed to offer educators and learners easy access to high-quality information, tools, and services that facilitate learning about Earth at all educational levels. DLESE will include peer-reviewed collections of instructional materials, interfaces to data sets, and computer- and human-mediated services for collaboration and sharing.

Unidata Program Center
Director: David Fulker

Helps over 160 university departments, working as a community, to acquire and use atmospheric and other geophysical data for research and teaching, along with software tailored for visualization and analysis of these data.

Visiting Scientist Programs (VSP)
Director: Meg Austin

Operates programs designed to support and broaden education and research in the atmospheric, oceanic, and related sciences through fellowships to researchers at graduate, postgraduate, and more advanced levels. VSP also supports advisory panels and review teams, workshops, and summer institutes for the university community and federal agency sponsors.

Other UCAR Activities

Significant Opportunities in Atmospheric Research and Science (SOARS)
Director: Thomas Windham

Conducts a ten-week summer program at NCAR and other national laboratories as part of a four-year undergraduate and graduate program designed to increase the diversity of students pursuing careers in the atmospheric and related sciences. SOARS was established by UCAR through partnership with NSF. Other program sponsors include the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and the UCAR university community.

Office of Development and Government Affairs
Director: Cynthia Schmidt

Monitors the activities of the U.S. Congress and keeps the UCAR community informed on budgetary, legislative, and policy developments involving UCAR, NCAR, UOP, NSF, and other agencies of importance to the atmospheric and related sciences. Promotes the growth and well-being of UCAR's programs and activities by supporting grant-seeking activities in the public and private sectors, assisting with educational project development, and supporting UCAR-affiliated programs that pursue environmental, social, and economic sustainability. The latter include the Science Policy Roundtable, supported by the MacArthur Foundation, and RECOUP: Industrial Ecology Project. Both are projects of the Walter Orr Roberts Institute.

UCAR Foundation
President: R.C. Mercure

Acts as UCAR's exclusive agent for commercial endeavors. The nonprofit UCAR Foundation includes officers and a board of directors drawn from UCAR, universities, and the private sector. Revenue flows to the foundation through equity positions, license fees, and royalties on the sales of resulting commercial products. A substantial portion of the revenue generated is returned to UCAR for the advancement of its scientific programs.

Office of the UCAR President
President: Richard Anthes

UCAR home page

For further information, contact:

All programs and divisions listed above may be contacted at:

UCAR goals

From UCAR 2001 (1992)

  • Science—foster a broad scientific program of highest quality to address present and future needs of society

  • Research facilities—develop and acquire state-of-the-art scientific research facilities for the atmospheric and related sciences community

  • Education and training—devote significant attention to education and training, with emphasis on women and minorities

  • Advocacy, public policy, and communication—in cooperation with other institutions, play a strong role in developing enhanced and more effective methods of communication among scientists, policymakers, and the public in order to foster the use of science in the service of humankind

  • Technology transfer—in conjunction with the UCAR Foundation, transfer appropriate UCAR technology to the public and private sectors

  • Research and operational partnerships—strengthen the relationship between the operational and research communities in the atmospheric and oceanic sciences.

Major sponsors of NCAR and UOP activities

The National Science Foundation has historically provided the base funding for NCAR and more than half of the funding for all UCAR activities. In addition, these agencies, listed below in alphabetical order, have provided critical support of certain programs and activities, leveraging the NSF base support:

Federal Aviation Administration
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
U.S. Department of Defense
U.S. Department of Energy
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

UCAR Member Institutions

University of Alabama in Huntsville (1992)
University of Alaska Fairbanks (1964)
*University of Arizona (1959)
California Institute of Technology (1971)
University of California, Davis (1983)
University of California, Irvine (1986)
*University of California, Los Angeles (1959)
*University of Chicago (1959)
Colorado State University (1964)
University of Colorado (1964)
*Cornell University (1959)
University of Denver (1966)
Drexel University (1973)
*Florida State University (1959)
Georgia Institute of Technology (1983)
Harvard University (1970)
University of Hawaii (1965)
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1970)
Iowa State University (1973)
University of Iowa (1993)
*Johns Hopkins University (1959)
University of Maryland at College Park (1967)
*Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1959)
McGill University (1971)
University of Miami (1968)
*University of Michigan (1959)
University of Minnesota (1965)
University of Missouri (1968)
Naval Postgraduate School (1983)
University of Nebraska-Lincoln (1979)
University of Nevada (1971)
University of New Hampshire (1991)
New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (1973)
*New York University (1959)
University at Albany, State University of New York (1970)
North Carolina State University (1978)
Ohio State University (1972)
University of Oklahoma (1966)
Old Dominion University (1988)
Oregon State University (1971)
*Pennsylvania State University (1959)
Princeton University (1981)
Purdue University (1971)
University of Rhode Island (1985)
Rice University (1972)
*Saint Louis University (1959)
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego (1982)
Stanford University (1973)
*Texas A&M University (1959)
University of Texas at Austin (1964)
Texas Tech University (1997)
University of Toronto (1970)
Utah State University (1971)
University of Utah (1964)
University of Virginia (1979)
Washington State University (1986)
*University of Washington (1959)
*University of Wisconsin-Madison (1959)
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (1979)
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (1973)
University of Wyoming (1976)
Yale University (1984)
York University (1996)

* = founding member

UCAR Academic Affiliates

Air Force Institute of Technology (1998)
University of Charleston (1993)
City College of New York (1991)
Clark Atlanta University (1993)
Dalhousie University (2000)
Jackson State University (1990)
University of Kansas (1991)
Lyndon State College (1991)
Universidad Metropolitana (1996)
Millersville University of Pennsylvania (1990)
State University of New York at Brockport (1991)
University of North Dakota (1990)
University of Louisiana at Monroe (1992)
Plymouth State College (1992)
Rhodes College (1993)
Rutgers University (1992)
St. Cloud State University (1992)
San Francisco State University (1992)
San Jose State University (1990)
South Dakota School of Mines and Technology (1990)
U. S. Naval Academy (1991)

UCAR International Affiliates

Australian National University, Canberra (1990)
Atmospheric Environment Service, Downsview, Ontario, Canada (1995)
Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre, Melbourne, Australia (1990)
Central Weather Bureau, Taipei, Taiwan (1991)
Centro de Ciencias de la Atmósfera, Mexico (1995)
Centro del Agua del Trópico Húmedo Para América Latina y el Caribe, Panama (1995)
City University of Hong Kong (1992)
Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Luft und Raumfahrt, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany (1990)
Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Germany (1986)
Hong Kong Royal Observatory (1991)
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (1993)
Instituto de Astrofīsica de Canarias, Tenerife, Spain (1996)
Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (1990)
Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, São José dos Campos, Brazil (1995)
International Meteorological Institute, Stockholm, Sweden (1986)
Instituto Geofísico del Peru, Lima (1995)
Instituto Nacional de Meteorología, Madrid, Spain (1991)
Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Mainz, Germany (1986)
Lanzhou Institute for Atmospheric Physics, China (1997)
Macquarie University, North Ryde, Australia (1991)
Malaysian Meteorological Service, Kuala Lumpur (1997)
Manila Observatory, Philippines (1999)
Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany (1986)
Meteorological Research Institute, Ibaraki, Japan (1997)
Monash University, Clayton, Australia (1990)
National Central University, Taipei, Taiwan (1995)
National Taiwan University. Taipei (1995)
Peking University, Beijing, China (1994)
Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark (1990)
Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (1991)
Seoul National University, Korea (1992)
Tel Aviv University, Israel (1990)
Università degli Studi dell'Aquila, Italy (1990)
Universität Hamburg, Germany (1986)
Universität Köln, Germany (1986)
University of Manchester, England (1990)
University of Nairobi, Kenya (1990)
University of Tokyo, Japan (1986)

University Relations Committee

Kelvin Droegemeier (chair) University of Oklahoma
Robin Bell Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Eric Betterton University of Arizona
Christopher Bretherton University of Washington
Richard Clark Millersville University of Pennsylvania
Jeff Dozier University of California, Santa Barbara
Matthew Hitchman University of Wisconsin–Madison
Kenneth Pickering University of Maryland
Eugene Takle Iowa State University
Mingfang Ting University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

UCAR Board of Trustees

Otis Brown (chair) University of Miami
Richard Anthes President, UCAR
Leo Donner Princeton University
Lennard Fisk University of Michigan
David Houghton University of Wisconsin–Madison
Lyn Hutton (treasurer) The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Charles Kennel Scripps Institution of Oceanography
Conway Leovy University of Washington
Paola Malanotte-Rizzoli Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Ronald McPherson (vice chair) American Meteorological Society
Julia Nogues-Paegle University of Utah
Mary Jo Richardson Texas A&M University
David Skaggs Aspen Institute
Ronald Smith (secretary) Yale University
Dennis Thomson Pennsylvania State University
Margaret Tolbert University of Colorado
Gabor Vali University of Wyoming
H. Gregory Austin, Lise Carney (UCAR counsel) Holland and Hart

Chairs, UCAR Board of Trustees

Henry Houghton (1959–1961) Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Horace Byers (1962–1964) University of Chicago
A. Richardson Kassander, Jr. (1965–1968) University of Arizona
John Calhoun, Jr. (1969–1970) Texas A&M University
Earl Droessler (1971–1972) North Carolina State University
Thomas Malone (1973–1974) Butler University
Robert Fleagle (1975–1976) University of Washington
Ray Chamberlain (1977–1978) Colorado State University
William Gordon (1979–1980) Rice University
Donald Veal (1981–1982) University of Wyoming
Charles Hosler, Jr. (1983–1984) Pennsylvania State University
John Evans (1985–1986) COMSAT Laboratories
Robert Street (1987–1990) Stanford University
James Kimpel (1991–1992) University of Oklahoma
Richard Somerville (1993–1994) Scripps Institution of Oceanography
Susan Avery (1995–1996) University of Colorado
John Snow (1997–1998) University of Oklahoma
Lennard Fisk (1999) University of Michigan
Otis Brown (2000) University of Miami

NCAR senior scientists, 1973–2000

Anthes, Richard
Athay, Grant
Atlas, Elliott
Blackmon, Maurice
Bogdan, Thomas
Boville, Byron
Branstator, Grant
Brasseur, Guy
Bretherton, Francis
Brown, Timothy
Businger, Joost
Calvert, Jack
Carbone, Richard
Cicerone, Ralph
Clark, Terry
Coffey, Michael
Cooper, William
Crutzen, Paul
Daley, Roger
Danielson, Edwin
Deardorff, James
Dickinson, Robert
Dye, James
Eddy, John
Errico, Ronald
Firor, John
Fisher, Richard
Foote, Brant
Gall, Robert
Garcia, Rolando
Gent, Peter
Gille, John
Gilman, Peter
Glantz, Michael
Hack, James
Harriss, Robert
Herring, Jackson
Heymsfield, Andrew
Holland, William
Holzer, Thomas
House, Lewis
Hundhausen, Arthur
Jenne, Roy
Kasahara, Akira
Katz, Richard
Kellogg, William
Kiehl, Jeffrey
Killeen, Timothy
Klemp, Joseph
Knight, Charles
Knölker, Michael
Kuo, Ying-Hwa (Bill)
Lally, Vincent
Large, William
Lazrus, Allan
Leith, Jr., Cecil
LeMone, Margaret
Lenschow, Donald
Lilly, Douglas
Lites, Bruce
Low, Boon Chye
MacQueen, Robert
MacGregor, Keith
Madden, Roland
Madronich, Sasha
Mankin, William
McWilliams, James
Merilees, Philip
Mihalas, Dimitri
Moeng, Chin-Hoh
Moncrieff, Mitchell
Newkirk, Jr., Gordon
Newton, Chester
Nychka, Douglas
Pneuman, Gerald
Pouquet, Annick
Radke, Lawrence
Ramanathan, Veerabhadran
Randel, William
Rasch, Philip
Richmond, Arthur
Ridley, Brian
Riehl, Herbert
Roble, Raymond
Rottman, Gary
Rotunno, Richard
Schimel, David
Schneider, Stephen
Skumanich, Andrew
Smolarkiewicz, Piotr
Squires, Patrick
Swarztrauber, Paul
Thompson, Philip
Trenberth, Kevin
Tribbia, Joseph
van Loon, Harry
Warner, John
Washington, Warren
White, Oran
Wigley, Tom
Williamson, David
Wilson, James
Wyngaard, John
Zimmerman, Patrick
Zipser, Edward

UCAR Presidents

Walter Orr Roberts 1960–1973
Francis Bretherton 1974–1979
Robert White 1980–1982
Clifford Murino 1983–1987
Richard Anthes 1988–present

NCAR Directors

Walter Orr Roberts 1960–1968
John Firor 1968–1974
Francis Bretherton 1974–1980
Wilmot Hess 1980–1986
Richard Anthes 1986–1988
Robert Serafin 1989–2000
Timothy Killeen 2000–present

UOP Directors

William Bonner 1992–1994
William Pennell 1995–1997
Jack Fellows 1997–present

UCAR at 40
Who We Are
One Planet, One Atmosphere
Between Sun and Earth
Measuring and Modeling
When Weather Matters Most
Spreading the Word
Knowledge for All
Looking toward the Future
•UCAR at a Glance
List of acronyms

Other UCAR PublicationsUCAR | NCAR | UOP

Executive editor Lucy Warner, lwarner@ucar.edu
Prepared for the Web by Jacque Marshall
Last revised: Fri Jan 26 17:18:32 MST 2001