Global Biogeochemical Cycles & the Physical Climate System

This module focuses on the biogeochemical cycles of five of the major elements important to life—carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur, and oxygen—and their role in climatic change.

The module is divided into the following sections: Introduction, Bigeochemical Processes, Biogeochemical Cycles and Climate, the Modern Coupled C-N-P-S-O System, Carbon Cycles, the Important Nutrient Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Sulfur, The Water Cycle, Conclusion, Study Questions and Answers, Glossary, Supplementary Reading, and References.

The full version of this module is available for download in PDF format. Selected chapters are also available for browsing online via the HTML link.

Author: Fred T. Mackenzie, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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