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We are doing a lot to understand our weather and climate

We are doing a lot but much more must be done

We must maintain and improve this life-support system, and to do so we need

Support the Science of Weather and Climate.

America's Lives and Livelihoods Depend on It.


Recent Major Weather and Climate Disasters and Their Impacts

  1. Hurricane Fran. September 1996. North Carolina and Virginia. Preliminary estimated damage/costs over $2 billion; 36 deaths.

  2. Severe drought. Fall 1995 through summer 1996. Southern Plains: Texas and Oklahoma most severely affected. Damage/costs over $4 billion to date.

  3. Blizzard/flooding. January 1996. Severe snowstorm over Appalachians, Mid-Atlantic states, and Northeast, followed by severe flooding. Damage/costs approx. $3 billion; 187 deaths.

  4. Hurricane Opal. October 1995. Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Tennessee, Carolinas. Damage/costs over $3 billion; 27 deaths.

  5. Heat wave. July 1995. Central U.S. 830 deaths, 525 of them in Chicago.*

  6. Torrential storms/flooding. May 1995. Rain/hailstorms across Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi. Damage/costs approx. $5-6 billion; 27 deaths.

  7. Flooding from frequent winter storms. January-March 1995. California. Damage/ costs over $3 billion; 27 deaths.

  8. Ice storm. February 1994. Texas to Virginia. Damage/costs approx. $3 billion; 9 deaths.

  9. Wildfires. Fall 1993. California. Damage/costs approx. $1 billion; 4 deaths.

  10. Flooding. Summer 1993. Midwest, notably Mississippi basin. Damage/costs $15-20 billion; 48 deaths.

Sources: NOAA National Climatic Data Center; *Changnon et al., AMS Bulletin, July 1996.


American Meteorological Society

The American Meteorological Society (AMS) is a scientific and professional society of more than 11,000 members from the United States and over 100 foreign countries. Interdisciplinary in its scope, the AMS actively promotes the development and dissemination of information on the atmospheric and related oceanic and hydrologic sciences.

University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

The University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) is a consortium of over 60 North American universities offering Ph.D.s in the atmospheric or related sciences and includes scores of international and academic affiliate institutions. UCAR manages the National Center for Atmospheric Research and a number of other programs that support the atmospheric and related sciences.


Cover: Lightning photo © Warren Faidley/Weatherstock
Page 2: Photo © David Lane/The Palm Beach Post

Brochure design by Liesel Brunson,
NCAR Image & Design Services
Printed by March Press, Boulder, Colorado.
This document was printed with soy inks on recycled paper. © 1996, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research and American Meteorological Society.


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Prepared for the web by Jacque Marshall

Last revised: Mon Apr 17 15:51:48 MDT 2000